Civil War Railroads #3
Miles of Track:
N – 21,300 Miles of track & 45,000 miles of telegraph wire. By 1865 the North had the largest system in the world.
S – 9,022 Miles of track & 5,000 miles of telegraph wire. System was destroyed by war.
Railroad Act of 1861
Both North & south passed legislation allowing governments to take over control of railroads for military purposes.
N – In the North railroads connect all major cities and 88% of farmers were no more than 5 M from a railroad.
S – In the South railroads were built to connect cotton centers to navigable rivers/ports. Pre-war private capital was invested in land/slaves not railroads.
N – All one track gauage used.
S – Four tract gauges used.